December 4, 2013

Health roundup: Aspirin, health-care apps, hangovers, arthritis and the 13 health benefits of coffee

Could an eye test be used to diagnosed Alzheimer's? Study shows disease kills eye cells as well as brain cells

Currently Alzheimer's disease can only be diagnosed for certain by studying a patient's brain after their death - other techniques involve memory tests
Layers of the retina are 49% thinner in mice with Alzheimer's disease which suggests processes occurring in a brain with dementia also occur in the eye
If the same is true in humans, an eye test could indicate if a person has dementia and whether drug treatments are working

WSJ Health-Care Apps That Doctors Use  Programs range from diagnostics to hand-washing trackers.

Take your aspirin before you go to bed. Bedtime aspirin 'wards off heart attacks': Blood cells least likely to bind dangerously together if taking drug in the evening

Drinking After 40: Why Hangovers Hit Harder  The Reasons Moderate Alcohol Consumption Gets More Complicated in Middle Age.

"A lot of older people are borderline dehydrated. They have less body water just from the natural effects of aging," Dr. Blackwelder says. It helps to drink water and have a full stomach when knocking one back.
---
The majority of alcohol is metabolized by the liver, which changes when people hit their 50s. (A small amount is metabolized in the stomach and mouth.) The liver gets bigger as people get older, but the organ becomes less efficient. Blood flow decreases, as do the number of hepatocytes, the liver's functional cells,
---
Certain enzyme levels dip, too, including one type of the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase, which breaks down alcohol. Women of all ages tend to have lower levels of this enzyme in the stomach. But between the ages of 50 and 60, men see their levels slide, too.
--
Particularly beginning in the 50s and 60s, the brain is more sensitive to alcohol. Booze basically enhances normal age-related cognitive decline. Neurons lose speed. Specifically, the insulating myelin sheaths around the axons of neurons—the parts responsible for transmitting information to other neurons—get smaller. As people age, "neurons are not as efficient. So you impair them with a little bit of alcohol, they are that much more inefficient,"
--
Older people are also more affected by alcohol's impact on sleep, a fact that can turn a mild hangover into a must-stay-in-bed-all-day affair. "Alcohol in all ages wrecks our REM sleep,"

Scientists hail breakthrough arthritis drug which slows down the condition and improves mobility

Scientists carried out a year-long study on 1,200 patients with active, moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis, who have not benefited from or been able to tolerate the side effects of current frontline treatment methotrexate.  They found Sarilumba improved their condition by up to 20 per cent.

Developed by French drugmaker Sanofi and Regeneron, the new drug works by blocking an inflammation-causing protein called interleukin 6.
Patients given a 200 mg dose of Sarilumba every other week - on top of methotrexate - saw a 66 percent improvement in the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis after six months.

Google Helpouts will bring telehealth to the masses


Top 13 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Coffee

1. Coffee Can Improve Energy Levels and Make You Smarter
2. Coffee Can Help You Burn Fat
3. The Caffeine Can Drastically Improve Physical Performance
4. There Are Essential Nutrients in Coffee
5. Coffee May Lower Your Risk of Type II Diabetes
6. Coffee May Protect You From Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia
7. Caffeine May Lower The Risk of Parkinson’s
8. Coffee Appears to Have Protective Effects on The Liver
9. Coffee Can Fight Depression and Make You Happier
10. Coffee Drinkers Have a Lower Risk of Some Types of Cancer
11. Coffee Does Not Cause Heart Disease and May Lower The Risk of Stroke
12. Coffee May Help You Live Longer
13. Coffee is The Biggest Source of Antioxidants in The Western Diet
Posted by Jill Fallon at December 4, 2013 2:32 PM | Permalink