May 25, 2017

Health Roundup: Anabolic steroids, ALS, Vit D, arthritis, cancer drug, dietary fat, and walking

Long-term use of anabolic steroids damages the heart

Anabolic steroids are manufactured drugs that mimic the effects of the male hormone testosterone. There are an estimated 2.9 million to 4 million steroid users in Americans, the researchers said. 'Most people relate anabolic steroids to cheating among athletes and fail to realize that there is a large population of men who have developed dependence upon these drugs, but who are not readily visible,' Dr Pope said. 'The oldest members of this population are only now reaching middle age.'

Use of anabolic steroids appears to contribute to artery-clogging, elevated blood pressure and cholesterol levels, a team of US scientists have discovered. ...According to NHS Choices, effects of anabolic steroids in men can include reduced sperm count, infertility, shrunken testicles, erectile dysfunction and breast development. They also also risking baldness, increased risk of developing prostate cancer, severe acne and stomach pain.

The FDA just approved the first new drug to treat ALS in 22 years

The drug, known chemically as edaravone, is already sold by Japanese pharmaceutical company Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corp (MTPC) in Japan and South Korea....After six months of treatment with edaravone on top of standard-of-care, data showed the intravenous drug reduced the rate of functional decline in patients by about a third.

FDA approves first cancer drug to target a tumor's genetic traits, rather than body parts

Until now, cancer care in the US has been categorized by body part, but in many cases that treatment is not specific enough and does not target a patient's tumor as it should. The new wave in treatment targets specific biomarkers of tumors. Keytruda is the first such drug approved by the FDA.

High fiber diets reduces risk of developing arthritis by up to 61%

Researchers from Tuft University, Boston and the University of Manchester conducted a review of two studies.  Their findings may debunk the theory that arthritis occurs due to 'wear and tear' as damaged cartilage is unable to properly repair itself. The findings also showed that consuming more fibre, particularly from cereals, reduced the risk of knee pain worsening.

This comes after researchers from the University of Surrey found a good diet and regular exercise can prevent arthritis. Eating poorly and being inactive reprograms cells in the joints, leading to an overproduction of glucose that causes inflammation and immobility, they found.

Walking linked to improved brain function

A moderate-intensity walking regimen may reduce symptoms of mild cognitive impairment that are linked to poor blood vessel health in the brain, a small study suggests.....Vascular cognitive impairment, or VCI, refers to mildly impaired thinking or more advanced dementia that’s due to the same kinds of blood vessel damage seen with heart disease elsewhere in the body. It is the second most common cause of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.

Vitamin D in pregnancy may protect babies from asthma

'Sunshine supplements' boost infants' immune response

Government’s “Dietary fat guidelines have no evidence base”

Publishing in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, Dr Zoë Harcombe of the Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science of the University of the West of Scotland researched both the origins and the results of following the dietary fat guidelines that have prevailed in the US and the United Kingdom for almost 40 years. The evidence provides no support for the assertion that low-fat diets are healthier, especially as the incidences of obesity and diabetes have escalated dramatically during the same four decades of the guidelines’ implementation.

....First, the case against eggs was cracked. Recently, salt has been shown to lower blood pressure. Based on the new report, I am having steak and eggs for breakfast tomorrow!
Posted by Jill Fallon at May 25, 2017 4:09 PM | Permalink